ISSN 2398-2942      

Ultrasonography: pancreas

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Introduction

Uses

Advantages

Disadvantages

  • May require patient's coat to be clipped.
  • Normal sonographic appearance does not exclude disease.
  • Gives no information on endocrine function.
  • Abnormal sonographic appearance does not always indicate significant disease.
  • Similar sonographic appearance with different diseases.

Potential problems

  • Poor transducer-skin contact:
    • Inadequate clipping.
    • Insufficient coupling medium.
  • Inadequate patient restraint.
  • Operator inexperience.
  • Excess intestinal gas.
  • Inadequate equipment.

Alternatives

  • Exploratory surgery for insulinomas.
  • Scintigraphy for localization of insulinomas.

Equipment

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Patient preparation

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Technique

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Normal anatomy

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Abnormalities

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Morita Y, Takiguchi M, Yasuda J et al (1998) Endoscopic ultrasonography of the pancreas in the dog. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 39 (6), 552-556 PubMed.
  • Lamb C R, Simpson K W, Boswood A et al (1995) Ultrasonography of pancreatic neoplasia in the dog: a retrospective review of 16 cases. Vet Rec 137 (3), 65-68 PubMed.
  • Lamb C R (1989) Dilation of the pancreatic duct - an ultrasonographic finding in acute pancreatitis. JSAP 30 (7), 410-413 Wiley Online Library.

 

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