ISSN 2398-2942      

Ultrasonography: bladder and urinary tract

icanis
Contributor(s):

Alison Dickie


Introduction

Uses

Advantages

Disadvantages

  • May require patient's coat to be clipped.
  • Normal sonographic appearance does not exclude disease.
  • Abnormal sonographic appearance does not always indicate significant disease.
  • Similar sonographic appearance with different diseases.

Potential problems

  • Poor transducer-skin contact:
    • Inadequate clipping.
    • Insufficient coupling medium.
  • Inadequate patient restraint.
  • Operator inexperience.
  • Patient has urinated prior to examination so bladder is empty.

Alternatives

Equipment

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Patient preparation

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Technique

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Normal Anatomy

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Abnormalities

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Green R W (1996) Urinary Bladder. In: Small Animal Ultrasound. Ed: Green R W. Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia. pp 227-235.
  • Nyland T G, Mattoon J S & Wisner E R (1995) Ultrasonography of the Urinary Tract and Adrenal Glands. In: Veterinary Diagnostic Ultrasound. W B Saunders Company, Philadelphia. pp 115-123.

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