Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Therapeutics: allergy management

Contributor(s): Didier Carlotti, Alison Diesel, Rosanna Marsella

Threshold of pruritus

  • A given individual can tolerate a variety of stimuli without developing clinical signs as long as the threshold is not reached.
  • All these stimuli have an additive effect and once the threshold is reached itching occurs.
  • Pruritic threshold varies from individual to individual and can be lowered by stress.
  • Allergic dogs often present with combination of allergies and secondary skin infections eg Malassezia dermatitis Skin: malassezia disease and superficial pyoderma Skin: deep pyoderma.
  • A small percentage of dogs with environmental allergies may also have a component of food sensitivity contributing to their pruritus.
  • Identification and control of concurrent allergies and secondary infections is crucial in the management of dogs with chronic allergies.

Topical therapy

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Systemic therapy

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Olivry T, Marsella R, Hillier A (2001) The ACVD task force on canine atopic dermatitis (XXIII): are essential fatty acids effective? Vet Immunol Immunopathol 81(3-4), 347-362.
  • Marsella R, Olivry T (2001) The ACVD task force on canine atopic dermatitis (XXII): nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pharmacotherapy. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 81(3-4), 331-345.
  • Olivry T, Sousa C A (2001) The ACVD task force on canine atopic dermatitis (XX): glucocorticoid pharmacotherapy. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 81(3-4), 317-322.
  • Olivry T, Sousa C A (2001) The ACVD task force on canine atopic dermatitis (XIX): general principles of therapy. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 81(3-4), 311-316.
  • Marsella R, Sousa C A (2001) The ACVD task force on canine atopic dermatitis (XIII): threshold phenomenon and summation of effects. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 81(3-4), 251-254.


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