ISSN 2398-2942      

Soft palate: elongated

icanis

Synonym(s): Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome BAOS, Elongated soft palate, Upper airway obstruction syndrome, Brachycephalic airway syndrome BAS


Introduction

 
  • Most common manifestation of brachycephalic airway syndrome Brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome , a disease complex which also includes:
    • Stenotic nares Stenotic nares enlargement.
    • Eversion of laryngeal ventricles (saccules).
    • Excess mucosal folds in the glotto-epiglottic region.
    • Hypoplastic trachea in Bulldogs.
      Many dogs will have more than one of the above problems
  • Cause: congenital, occurs most commonly in brachycephalics.
  • No sex predilection.
  • Signs: most animals present in young adulthood with signs of upper airway obstruction.
  • Laryngeal collapse Larynx: disease overview may complicate the problem in older animals.
  • Diagnosis: signs and visualization.
  • Treatment: surgical correction.
  • Prognosis: good with surgery.

Pathophysiology

  • Anatomical abnormalities increase resistance to airflow ’ chronic increased respiratory effort.
  • Abnormally high negative pressure on inspiration leads to:

Clinical signs

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Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lorinson D, Bright R M & White R A S (1997) Brachycaphalic airway obstruction syndrome - a review of 118 cases. Canine Pract 22 (5/6), 18-21 VetMedResource.
  • Sylvestre A M & Sharma A (1997) Management of a congenitally shortened soft palate in a dog. JAVMA 211 (7), 875-877 PubMed.

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