ISSN 2398-2942      

Small animal coma score

icanis

Synonym(s): SACS, Coma score, modified SACS from human Glasgow Coma Score


Introduction

  • Scale modified from the Glasgow Coma Score in humans.
  • Scale designed to assist in evaluation of a patient with craniocerebral trauma Head trauma: assessment of patient and monitor the effects of therapeutic intervention.
  • Grades initial neurologic status and then performed as serial monitoring to evaluate the patient for improvement or deterioration.
  • Assigns a point score for each of three major categories:
    • Level of consciousness.
    • Motor activity.
    • Brainstem reflexes.
  • Total score from the summation of the above categories helps determine prognosis.

Level of consciousness

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Brainstem reflexes

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Motor activity

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Coma scale

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Use of the system

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Platt S R, Radaelli S T & McDonnell J J (2001) The prognostic value of the modified Glasgow Coma Scale in head trauma in dogs. J Vet Int Med 15 (6), 581-584 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • King L G, Rockar A (1995) Outcome prediction in emergency and critical care patients. In: Kirks Current Veterinary Therapy XII, Bonagura J D and Kirk R W (editors); W B Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 95-98.
  • Shores A (1989) Craniocerebral Trauma. In: Current Veterinary Therapy X, Bonagura J D and Kirk R W (editors); W B Saunders, Philadelphia; pp 847-853.

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