Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Renal function assessment

Contributor(s): David Godfrey, Kathy Lunn, Yvonne McGrotty

Introduction

  • Accurate clinical evaluation of renal function can be accomplished by a series of diagnostic procedures.
  • Physical examination and a complete history of the patient are important in the diagnosis of renal failure, although most signs are relatively non-specific.
    Important in differentiating acute from chronic disease.
  • Examination of urine and blood samples is essential in the diagnostic process.
  • Normal urine production is the total effect of glomerular and tubular function.
  • Function tests will be discussed under glomerular and tubular function although there is some overlap since disease in one unit of this closely linked system ultimately affects the other.

Is the damage affecting the tubules or glomerulus?

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Assessment of tubular function

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Brown S A, Finco D R, Boudinot F D et al (1996) Evaluation of a single injection method, using iohexol, for estimating glomerular filtration rate in cats and dogs. Am J Vet Res57, 105-110 PubMed.
  • Gleadhill A & Michell A R (1996) Evaluation of iohexol as a marker for the clinical measurement of glomerular filtration rate in dogs. Res Vet Sci60, 117-121 PubMed.
  • Gleadhill A (1995) A simple method for measuring glomerular filtration rate in dogs. Res Vet Sci59, 118-123 PubMed.
  • Brown S A (1994) Evaluation of a single injection method for estimating glomerular filtration rate in dogs with reduced renal function. Am J Vet Res55, 1470-1473 PubMed.
  • Finco D R, Tabaru H, Brown S A & Barsanti J A (1993) Endogenous creatinine clearance measurement of glomerular filtration rate in dogs. Am J Vet Res54, 1575-1578 PubMed.


ADDED