Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Radiology: lower urinary and genital tracts

Contributor(s): Fraser McConnell

Introduction

  • Radiography allows evaluation of kidney and bladder number, size, shape and position.
    Significant renal disease may be present despite radiological appearance of normal kidneys.
  • Ureters and urethra are not normally visible without contrast studies.
  • Ovaries and uterus are not visible unless they are enlarged.
  • Radiography of limited value to assess testicular and penile diseases.
  • Contrast radiography is required for full evaluation of the urinary tract.
  • Radiography is of limited value in assessing renal function Renal function assessment.

Radiographic considerations

  • The lateral projection is most useful for evaluation of the bladder and urethra.
  • A low KVp and high mAs should be used to maximize contrast of abdominal radiographs.
  • A grid is necessary if the depth of tissue is >10 cm.
  • Care should be taken to include the entire urinary tract for most investigations.

Restraint

Indications

Radiographic anatomy

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Interpretation

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Pitfalls

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


ADDED