ISSN 2398-2942      

Radiology: lower urinary and genital tracts

icanis
Contributor(s):

Fraser McConnell


Introduction

  • Radiography allows evaluation of kidney and bladder number, size, shape and position.
    Significant renal disease may be present despite radiological appearance of normal kidneys.
  • Ureters and urethra are not normally visible without contrast studies.
  • Ovaries and uterus are not visible unless they are enlarged.
  • Radiography of limited value to assess testicular and penile diseases.
  • Contrast radiography is required for full evaluation of the urinary tract.
  • Radiography is of limited value in assessing renal function Renal function assessment.

Radiographic considerations

  • The lateral projection is most useful for evaluation of the bladder and urethra.
  • A low KVp and high mAs should be used to maximize contrast of abdominal radiographs.
  • A grid is necessary if the depth of tissue is >10 cm.
  • Care should be taken to include the entire urinary tract for most investigations.

Restraint

Indications

Radiographic anatomy

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Interpretation

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Pitfalls

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