Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Peripheral vascular disease

Contributor(s): Mark Oyama


  • Peripheral vascular disease encompasses disease of:
    • Arteries.
    • Arterioles.
    • Capillaries.
    • Venules.
    • Veins.
    • Lymphatics.
  • In veterinary medicine, diagnosis and treatment of vascular disease is challenging, due to:
    • Vague clinical signs.
    • Difficulty in diagnosing.
    • Confusion regarding terminology of diseases.
  • Vascular disease often classified according to:
    • Type of vessel affected (arterial vs venous vs lymphatic).
    • Presence or absence of vessel obstruction (occlusive vs non-occlusive).
    • Inflammatory component (-itis).
  • Main forms of peripheral vascular disease in small animals, excluding conditions caused by peripheral thromboembolism, are:
    • Atherosclerosis.
    • Arteriosclerosis.
    • Aneurysms.
    • Peripheral arteriovenous fistulae.
    • Vasculitis.
    • Polyarteritis nodosa.
    • Phlebitis.

Forms of peripheral vascular disease

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

  • Recent references from VetMedResource and PubMed.
  • Chetboul V, Tessier D, Borenstein N, Delisle F, Zilberstein L, Payen G, Leglaive E, Franc B, Derumeaux G & Pouchelon J L (2003) Familial aortic aneurysm in Leonberg dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 223(8), 1159-1162 PubMed.
  • Hess R S, Kass P H & Van Winkle T J (2003) Association between diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, or hypoadrenocorticism and atherosclerosis in dogs. J Vet Intern Med 17(4), 489-494 PubMed.
  • Sasaki M, Pool R & Summers B A (2003) Vasculitis in a dog resembling isolated angiitis of the central nervous system in humans. Vet Pathol 40(1), 95-97 PubMed.
  • Waldrop J E, Stoneham A E, Tidwell A S, Jakowski R M, Rozanski E A and Rush J E (2003) Aortic dissection associated with aortic aneurysms and posterior paresis in a dog. J Vet Intern Med 19(2), 223-229 PubMed.
  • Tobias K M, Cambridge A & Gavin P (2001) Cyanoacrylate occlusion and resection of an arteriovenous fistula in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc 219(6), 785-788, 763 PubMed.
  • Synder P W, Kazacos E A, Scott-Moncrieff J C, HogenEsch H, Carlton W W, Glickman L T & Felsburg P J (1995) Pathologic features of naturally occurring juvenile polyarteritis in beagle dogs. Vet Pathol 32(4), 337-345 PubMed.
  • Scott-Moncrieff J C, Snyder P W, Glickman L T, Davis E L & Felsburg P J (1992) Systemic necrotizing vasculitis in nine young beagles. J Am Vet Med Assoc 201(10), 1553-1558 PubMed.
  • Crawford M A & Foil C S (1989) Vasculitis: clinical syndromes in small animals. Comp Contin Ed 11,400.
  • Liu S K, Tilley L P, Tappe J P & Fox P R (1986) Clinical and pathological findings in dogs with atherosclerosis: 21 cases (1970-1983). J Am Vet Med Assoc 189(2), 227-232 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Suter P F & Fox P R (1995) Peripheral vascular disease. In: Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 4th ed. Ed S Ettinger. W B Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 1068-1081.