Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Nutrition: disease modulation

Contributor(s): Daniel L Chan, Marge Chandler

Introduction

  • Employing nutritional therapies in the management of diseases has become a major focus of veterinary clinical nutrition. Strategies for the management of both acute and chronic diseases in small animals have been developed and as a result, many especially formulated diets are now available in the market.
  • The underlying principle of nutritional therapy relies in how nutrients could be used to modulate disease processes. In veterinary medicine successes of such approaches have been appreciated in the areas of cardiology, nephrology, diabetes mellitus, dermatology, and gastrointestinal disorders.
  • On-going research may identify new nutritional approaches for other disorders and allow veterinary surgeons to complement current management strategies and ultimately improve the health and well-being of animals. This overview will highlight some of ways in which disease modulation can be achieved via nutritional therapies.

Role of carbohydrates in health and disease

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Role of protein in disease modulation

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Role of lipids in modulating diseases

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Summary

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Weber M, Bissot T, Servet E et al (2007) A high-protein, high fiber diet designed for weight loss improves satiety in dogs. JVIM 21 (6), 1203-1208 PubMed.
  • Bennett N, Greco D S, Peterson M E et al (2006) Comparison of a low carbohydrate - low fiber diet and a moderate carbohydrate - high fiber diet in the management of feline diabetes mellitus. J Fel Med Surg (2), 73-84 PubMed.
  • Ross S J, Osborne C A, Kirk C A et al (2006) Clinical evaluation of dietary modification for treatment of spontaneous chronic kidney diseases in cats. JAVMA 229 (6), 949-957 PubMed.
  • Brown S A, Brown C A, Crowell W A et al (1998) Beneficial effects of chronic administration of dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in dogs with renal insufficiency. J Lab Clin Med 131 (5), 447-455 PubMed.
  • Freeman L M, Rush J E, Kehayias J J et al (1998) Nutritional alterations and effect of fish oil supplementation in dogs with heart failure. JVIM 12 (6), 440-448 PubMed.
  • Dimski D S, Buffington C A (1991) Dietary fiber in small animal therapeutics. JAVMA 199 (9), 1142-1146 PubMed.


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