Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Nutrition: common pet owner misconceptions

Contributor(s): Ken Bovee

Feeding table scraps is OK

  • Usually get 'choice' scraps, eg high fat, etc.
  • Should be limited (never >5-10% of diet) because dogs have different nutrient requirements from man.
  • Dogs may have soft stools due to introduction of new foods. Potential problems listed below only apply if diet consists of >50% table scraps and fed for long periods.
  • Meat and poultryare deficient in:
    • Calcium.
    • Phosphorous.
    • Sodium.
    • Iron.
    • Copper.
    • Iodine.
    • Several vitamins.
  • Fish: same as meat and poultry except for phorphorous.
  • Tuna: high [polyunsaturates] ’ vitamin E deficiency ’ pansteatitis.
  • Raw fish: high [thiaminase] ’ thiamine deficiency.
  • Liver: low [calcium] + high [Vitamin A] ’ bone disorders.
  • Dairy products: high [lactose] ’ hard to digest ’ digestive upsets Diarrhea: due to diet.
  • Fish oils’ hypervitaminosis vitamin A and hypervitaminosis D, eg 15-30 ml given daily to a small dog may cause problems.
  • Chocolate: contains methylxanthine ’ toxic Theobromine / chocolate poisoning if eaten in large quantities.

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Diet causes acute moist dermatitis ('hot spots')

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Certain diets cause the hair to change to red

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