Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Fluid therapy: for diarrhea

Contributor(s): Elisa Mazzaferro, Sheilah Robertson, Claire Waters

Pathophysiology

  • Hypovolemia + dehydration are the most common metabolic disturbances of diarrhea.
  • The most common electrolyte disturbance is hypokalemia Hypokalemia.
  • The most common acid-base imbalance is metabolic acidosis Acid base imbalance due to loss of HCO3- in the diarrhea.
  • Other complications include hypoproteinemia Hypoproteinemia with exudative diarrhea → edema and effusions, and endotoxemia or septicemia Anaphylaxis, urticaria and angioedema → fever, hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia and shock Shock.

Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Other sources of information

  • Wingfield W E (1997) Fluid and electrolyte therapy. In: Veterinary Emergency Medicine Secrets. Ed Wingfield W E: Hanley & Belfus. pp 282-293. ISBN 1560532157.


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