ISSN 2398-2942      

Cardiopulmonary arrest: pathophysiology

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Definitions

  • Cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA): lack of spontaneous ventilation in the presence of inadequate circulation.
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): restoration of normal cardiopulmonary function after CPA.
  • Cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation (CPCR): restoration of normal cardiopulmonary and cerebral function after CPA.

Introduction

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Physiology and pharmacology of CPA

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Circulation

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Internal cardiac massage

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Fluid therapy

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fletcher D J, Boller M, Brainard B M et al (2012) RECOVER evidence and knowledge gap analysis on veterinary CPR. Part 7: Clinical guidelines. JVECC 22 (Suppl 1), S102-131 PubMed.
  • Brodbelt D C, Pfeiffer D U, Young L E et al (2008) Results of the confidential enquiry into perioperative small animal fatalities regarding risk factors for anaesthetic-related death in dogs. JAVMA 233 (7), 1096-1104 PubMed.
  • Rush J E & Wingfield W E (1992) Recognition and frequency of dysrhythmias during cardiopulmonary arrest. JAVMA 200 (12), 1932-1937 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Muir W W III & Hubbell J A E (1995) Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. 2nd edn. St. Louis: Mosby, pp 388-441.
  • Otto C W (1995) Updated concepts in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In: 1995 Annual Refresher Course Lectures.American Society of Anesthesiologists. pp 521.

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