Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Cardiopulmonary arrest: pathophysiology

Contributor(s): John Dodam, Elisa Mazzaferro, Dominic Barfield

Definitions

  • Cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA): lack of spontaneous ventilation in the presence of inadequate circulation.
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): restoration of normal cardiopulmonary function after CPA.
  • Cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation (CPCR): restoration of normal cardiopulmonary and cerebral function after CPA.

Introduction

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Physiology and pharmacology of CPA

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Circulation

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Internal cardiac massage

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Fluid therapy

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references from VetMed Resource and PubMed.
  • Fletcher D J et al(2012) RECOVER evidence and knowledge gap analysis on veterinary CPR. Part 7: Clinical guidelines. JVECC 22 (S1), S102-131 PubMed.
  • Brodbelt D C, Pfeiffer D U et al(2008) Results of the confidential enquiry into perioperative small animal fatalities regarding risk factors for anaesthetic-related death in dogs. JAVMA 233 , 1096-1104 PubMed.
  • Rush J E & Wingfield W E (1992) Recognition and frequency of dysrhythmias during cardiopulmonary arrest. JAVMA 200, 1932-1937.

Other sources of information

  • Muir W W III & Hubbell J A E (1995) Handbook of Veterinary Anesthesia. 2nd edn. St. Louis: Mosby, pp 388-441.
  • Otto C W (1995) Updated concepts in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In: 1995 Annual Refresher Course Lectures.American Society of Anesthesiologists. pp 521.


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