Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Anesthetic premedication: overview

Contributor(s): Jo Murrell, Sheilah Robertson

Premedication

Advantages

  • Eases restraint preoperatively.
  • Calms the patient.
  • Provides analgesia.
  • Muscle relaxation.
  • Reduces dose of anesthetic agents.
  • Counteracts side-effects of anesthetic agents.
  • Smooths anesthesia and recovery.

Disadvantages

  • Time consuming.
  • Side-effects of premedicants.
  • Drug interactions.

Classes of agents used

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Neuroleptanalgesia

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General points

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Grint N J, Burford J, Dugdale A H (2009) Does pethidine effect the cardiovascular and sedative effects of dexmedetomidine in dogs? JSAP 50 (2), 62-66 PubMed.
  • Gurney M, Cripps P, Mosing M (2009) Subcutaneous pre-anesthetic medication with acepromazine-buprenorphine is as effective as and less painful than the intramuscular route. JSAP 50 (9), 474-477 PubMed.
  • Sinclair M D (2003) A review of the physiological effects of alpha2-agonists related to the clinical use of medetomidine in small animal practice. Can Vet J 44 (11), 885-897 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hall L W & Clarke K W (1991) Veterinary Anaesthesia. 9th edn. Bailliere: Tindall.


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