Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Anesthesia: in respiratory emergencies

Contributor(s): John Dodam, Sheilah Robertson, Polly Taylor, Claire Waters

Introduction

  • Successful outcomes depend upon:
    • Prompt recognition of developing problems.
    • Rapid diagnosis of the underlying cause.
    • Taking appropriate measures to correct the problem quickly.
    • Monitoring of patient during anesthesia to avert accidents during and after anesthesia.
  • Main requirements during anesthesia:
    • Adequate delivery of oxygen to tissues (3-5 ml/kg/min).
    • Removal of waste products from tissues.
    • Failure to achieve the above can result in serious complications particularly tissue hypoxia and cell death.
      Brain is particularly sensitive to hypoxia: permanent dysfunction/death can result within minutes of disrupted oxygen supply.

Airway obstruction

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Respiratory insufficiency

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Management of respiratory insufficiency/apnea/respiratory arrest

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers
  • Recent references fromPubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Hall L W & Taylor P M (1994) EdsAnesthesia of the Cat.London: Bailliere Tindall. pp 249-266, 270-273, 274-309. ISBN 0 7020 1665 9
  • Bedford P G C (1991)Small Animal Anesthesia, The Increased Risk Patient.London: Bailliere Tindall. p 92- 132. ISBN 0 7020 1501 6.
  • Richards D L S (1989)Anesthetic accidents and emergencies.In: Manual of Anesthesia for Small Animal Practice. Ed: A D R Hilbery. Cheltenham: British Small Animal Veterinary Association. pp 95-99. ISBN 0 905214 09 9.
  • Hall L W (1982)Relaxant drugs in small animal anesthesia.In: Proceedings of the Association of Veterinary Anesthetists of Great Britain and IrelandSupplement to 10, pp 144-155.


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