Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Anemia: overview

Contributor(s): Prof Bernard Feldman, Yvonne McGrotty

Introduction

  • Anemia is defined as reduced number of red cells (<5.5 x 10 *12/l) and/or decreased hemoglobin content (<12 g/dl) and/or a PCV of <0.37 l/l:
    • Mild anemia = PCV 0.30-0.37 l/l, moderate anemia = PCV 0.20-0.29 l/l, severe anemia = PCV 0.15-0.19 l/l, very severe = PCV <0.15.
  • May be due to blood loss Anemia: blood loss or hemolysis Anemia: immune mediated hemolytic ’ regenerative anemia or reduced production of red cells ’ non-regenerative anemia Anemia: non-regenerative.
  • Regenerative anemia ’ polychromasia, increased reticulocyte count, macrocytic, hypochromic.
  • Iron deficiency ’ non-regenerative anemia ’ microcytic, hypochromic non-regenerative anemia.
    Print off the owner factsheet on Anemia to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

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Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Raskin R E (2010) Haematologic Disorders. In: Clinical Medicine of the Dog and Cat. 2nd edn. Schaer M (ed), Manson Publishing Ltd, London, pp 227-231.
  • Knottenbelt C (2001) Investigation of anaemia in dogs. In Practice 23, 306-314.
  • Mills J (2000) Anaemia. In: Manual of Canine and Feline Haematology and Transfusion Medicine. 1st edn. Day M J, Mackin A & Littlewood J D (eds), BSAVA Publications, Gloucester, pp 29-42.
  • Tvedten H (1989) Erythrocyte disorders. In: Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods. 1st edn. W B Saunders. pp 36-56.


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