Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Vestibulovaginal stenosis

Contributor(s): Autumn P Davidson

Introduction

  • Cause: persistence and thickening of embryonic membrane separating vagina from vestibular region.
  • Signs: only of clinical significance in breeding bitch - male unable to mate.
  • Treatment: episiotomy and surgical reconstruction.
  • Prognosis: fair.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Embryonic anomaly.
  • May be inherited.

Predisposing factors

General
  • None known.

Pathophysiology

  • Septate or circumferential.
  • Persistence and thickening of embryonic membrane separating vagina from vestibular region.

Timecourse

  • Should be found at pre-breeding vaginal examination.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Kyles A E, Vaden S, Hardie E M et al (1996) Vestibulovaginal stenosis in dogs. JAVMA 209 (11), 1889-1893 PubMed.


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