Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Ureter: trauma

Contributor(s): Elisa Mazzaferro, Phil Nicholls

Introduction

  • Cause: avulsion: may result from blunt abdominal trauma.
    In all cases of traumatic injury warn owner of potential complications at time of injury.
  • Rupture: ballistic injuries, urolithiasis.
  • Signs: damage to ureter may allow leakage and pooling of urine retroperitoneally, and a cellulitis (retroperitonitis) with electrolyte abnormalities.
  • Renal function may not be impaired if opposite kidney and ureter are unaffected.
  • Diagnosis: signs, imaging.
  • Treatment: surgery.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Avulsion: may result from blunt abdominal trauma.
  • Rupture: ballistic injuries, urolithiasis Urolithiasis.
  • Iatrogenic: inclusion of ureter in ligatures during ovariohysterectomy (OHE Ovariohysterectomy ).

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hamilton M H, Sissener T R & Baines S J (2006) Traumatic bilateral ureteric rupture in two dogs. JSAP 47 (12), 737-740 PubMed.
  • Mehl M L & Kyles A E (2003) Ureteroureterostomy after proxima/ ureteric injury during an ovariohysterectomy in a dog. Vet Rec 153 (15), 469-470 PubMed.
  • Lamb C R (1998) Ultrasonography of the ureters. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 28 (4), 823-848 PubMed.


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