Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Thorax: trauma

Contributor(s): Elisa Mazzaferro

Introduction

  • Cause: usually road traffic accident (RTA). Rib fracture.
    In all cases of traumatic injury warn owner of potential complications at time of injury.
  • Signs: dyspnea, cyanosis, collapse, restlessness. Solitary rib fracture rarely serious; multiple and segmental fractures → severe instability → flail chest.
  • Diagnosis: depends on lesions and systems affected. Clinical signs and radiography.
  • Treatment: restore cardiopulmonary function, with initial emphasis on maintaining and supporting respiration and circulation. Stabilize flail segment.
  • Prognosis: always guarded initially as very volatile situation and acute deterioration may occur at any time, especially the first few hours.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma, usually RTA.

Pathophysiology

Timecourse

  • Acute.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Scheepens E F T, Peeters M E, L'eplattenier H F, Kirpensteiin J (2006) Thoracic bite trauma in dogs: a comparison of clinical and radiological parameters with surgical results. JSAP 47 (12), 721-726 PubMed.
  • Sigrist N E, Doherr M G, Spreng D E (2004) Clinical findings and diagnostic value of post traumatic thoracic radiographs in dogs and cats with blunt trauma. J Vet Emerg Crit Care 14 (4), 259-268 VetMedResource.


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