Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Sneezing

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • A protective reflex to expel foreign material from nasal passages.
  • 'Reverse sneezing' can also occur - this is a brief period of noisy labored inspiratory effort:
    • It is sporadic and often occurs in otherwise normal dogs.
    • May be due to nasopharyngeal spasm or epiglottic entrapment.
      Print off the owner factsheet on Sneezing dogs Sneezing dogs to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Inflammation of turbinates due to:
  • Infection:
    • Viral.
    • Bacterial.
    • Fungal (aspergillosis Nasal aspergillosis/penicillosis , blastomycoses, cryptococcus).
    • Parasitic, eg Pneumonyssoides caninum (nasal mites).
  • Allergy.
  • Irritant:
    • Foreign body.
    • Food material due to cleft palate or oronasal fistula.
    • Dust.
  • Mass:

Timecourse

  • Days to weeks.

Diagnosis

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Gunnarsson L K, Möller L C, Einarsson A M et al (1999) Clinical efficacy of milbemycin oxime in the treatment of nasal mite infection in dogs. JAAHA 35 (1), 81-84 PubMed.
  • Theisen S K, Hosgood G, Lewis D D (1996) Intranasal tumors in dogs - diagnosis and treatment. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet 18 (2), 131-139 VetMedResource.
  • Gartrell C L, O'Handley P A & Perry R L (1995) Canine nasal disease Part 1. Comp Cont Ed Pract Vet 17 (3), 323-328 VetMedResource.
  • Gartrell C L, O'Handley P A & Perry R L (1995) Canine nasal disease Part 2. Comp Cont Ed Pract. Vet 17 (4), 539-547 VetMedResource.
  • Van Pelt DR & McKiernan B C (1994) Pathogenesis and treatment of canine rhinitis. 24 (5), 789-806 PubMed.


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