ISSN 2398-2969      

Skin: parasitic disease - overview

icanis

Introduction

  • One of the most common causes of dermatoses in dogs.
  • Cause: parasitic infection.
  • Signs: mild to severe skin lesions +/- systemic involvement, pruritus.
  • Diagnosis: skin scrapes, identification of parasite, response to treatment.
  • Treatment: effective use of antiparasitic agent.
  • Prognosis: good with effective treatment.
  • Non-parasitic insects can also be implicated.

Pathogenesis

Etiology


Mites Insects Helminths
  • Ancylostoma braziliense, Ancylostoma caninum(not seen in UK),Uncinaria stencephala, ancyostomiasis and uncinariasis, hookworm dermatitis.
  • Pelodera strongyloides, pelodera dermatitis (not in UK).
  • Strongyloides stercoralis, strongyloides stercoralis-like infection (one report, not in UK).
  • Anatrichosoma cutaneum, anatrichosomiasis (only in Africa).
  • Schistosomiasis (not in UK).
  • Dracunculusspp, dracunculiasis (not in UK).
  • Dirofilaria immitus, dirofilariasis Canine cardiopulmonary dirofilariasis (rare in UK - not endemic).
  • Taenia crassiceps(one report, USA).
  • Habronemiaspp (one report, USA).
  • Gnathostoma spinigerum(one report, Australia).
  • Lagochiascaris major(one report, Brazil).
Ticks Rickettsia
  • Rickettsia rickettsii, Rocky mountain spotted fever (USA only).
Protozoa Non-parasitic mites and insects
  • Environmental mites, egDermatophagoides pteronyssinus,Dermatophagoides farinae.
  • Spiders.
  • Bees.
  • Wasps , see canine facial eosinophilic folliculitis and furunculosis Skin: eosinophilic folliculitis and furunculosis.
  • Hornets.
  • Moths.
  • Ants.
  • Caterpillars.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Nesbitt G H & Ackerman L J (1991)Dermatology for the Small Animal Practitioner.Veterinary Learning Systems Co. pp 32 (Excellent table of common parasitic diseases with history, clinical signs and diagnosis).
  • Scott D W, Miller W H & Griffin C E (1995)Muller and Kirk's Small Animal Dermatology.5th edition. Philadelphia: W B Saunders Company. pp 392-468 (Detailed dermatology text book for in-depth reading).

Related Images

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code