Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Skin: eosinophilic folliculitis and furunculosis

Synonym(s): Sterile eosinophilic folliculitis and furunculosis

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, Susan E Shaw

Introduction

  • Cause: ?insect/arachnid hypersensitivity.
  • Signs: pruritic maculopapular rash, rapidly progressing to ulceration.
  • Affects sparsely haired areas of face, eg bridge of nose.
  • Diagnosis: history, clinical signs, histopathology, cytology, microscopy, bacteriology.
  • Treatment: topical and systemic antimicrobial therapy.
  • Prognosis: good.

Pathogenesis

Predisposing factors

General
  • Hypersensitivity.

Timecourse

  • Prolonged (10 days) if untreated.
  • Edema and papular rash → ulceration: few days.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bevier D E (1999) Insect and arachnid hypersensitivity. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 29 (6), 1385-1405 PubMed.
  • Curtis C F, Bond R, Blunden A S, Thomson D G, McNeil P E & Whitbread T W (1995) Canine eosinophilic folliculitis and furunculosis in 3 cases. JSAP 36 (3), 119-123 PubMed.
  • Scott D W (1988) Canine sterile eosinophilic pinnal folliculitis. Comp An Pract 2 (6), 19-22 VetMedResource.
  • Scott D W (1987) Sterile eosinophilic pustulosis in dog and man - comparative aspects. J Am Acad Dermatol 16 (5 Pt 1), 1022-1026 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Scott D W, Miller W H & Griffin C E (1995)Small Animal Dermatology. 5th edn. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. ISBN 0 7216 4850 9.
  • Yager J A & Wilcock B P (1994)Color Atlas and Text of Surgical Pathology of the Dog and Cat.London: Wolfe Publishing, Mosby Year Book Europe. ISBN 0 7234 1827 6.
  • Gross T L, Irkhe P J & Walder E J (1992)Veterinary Dermatopathology. St Louis: Mosby Year Book. ISBN 0 8016 5809 8.


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