Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Skin: congenital hypotrichosis and alopecia

Contributor(s): David Scarff, Susan E Shaw

Introduction

  • Rare, congenital disorder of hair follicles.
  • Cause: idiopathic.
  • Signs: decreased or absent hair coat (localized or generalized).
  • May be other ectodermal defects.
  • Diagnosis: breed, clinical signs, histopathology.
  • Treatment: emollient shampoos.
  • Prognosis: good although condition incurable and hair will not regrow.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • Idiopathic.
  • May be male sex-linked inheritance in some individual cases.
  • Complete absence, hypoplasia or reduced numbers of hair follicles.

Timecourse

  • Lifelong.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Foil C S (1995)The skin.In: Hoskins J D (ed)Veterinary Pediatrics. 2nd edn. Philadelphia: W B Saunders.
  • Scott D W, Miller W H & Griffin C E (1995)Small Animal Dermatology. 5th edn. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. ISBN 0 7216 4850 9.
  • Yager J A & Wilcock B P (1994)Color Atlas and Text of Surgical Pathology of the Dog and Cat.London: Wolfe Publishing, Mosby Year Book Europe. ISBN 0 7234 1827 6.
  • Gross T L, Irkhe P J & Walder E J (1992)Veterinary Dermatopathology. St Louis: Mosby Year Book. ISBN 0 8016 5809 8.


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