ISSN 2398-2969      

Seroma

icanis

Introduction

  • Cause: space created between tissue planes in a surgical or traumatic wound. Commonly seen in high-motion areas.
  • Signs: nonpainful, fluid-filled swelling beneath the skin.
  • Diagnosis: signs, history, +/- aspiration.
  • Treatment: conservative, occasionally drainage is required.
  • Prognosis: generally excellent, usually resolves spontaneously.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Excessive dead space between tissue layers, secondary to a surgical or traumatic wound, enables fluid to accumulate.
  • Excessive motion of tissue over a surgical wound can cause or exacerbate the problem.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Surgical or traumatic wound that contains dead space.
  • Surgical wound in a high-motion region, eg over the shoulder joint.

Pathophysiology

  • Inflammation and lymphatic injury promote the accumulation of plasma between the layers of disrupted tissue.
  • Exacerbated by excessive motion of the tissues at the surgical site.
  • May become an abscess, if secondarily infected.

Timecourse

  • Develops over several days time while the wound is healing.
  • Size of the swelling may increase for several days.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Waldron D R, Zimmerman-Pope N (2003) Superficial skin wounds. In: Textbook of small animal surgery. 3rd edn. Slatter. p 272.
  • Raskin R E & Meyer D J (2001) Atlas of canine and feline cytology. p 91.
  • Pavletic M M (1999) Atlas of small animal reconstructive surgery. 2nd edn. pp 57-59.
  • Hardie E M (1996) General abdominal surgery. In: Complications in small animal surgery. Lipowitz, Caywood, Newton, and Schwartz. pp 333-336.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code