Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Prepubic hernia

Synonym(s): Prepubic rupture

Contributor(s): J Hodgson, Daniel Smeak

Introduction

  • Cause: compressive blunt abdominal trauma and may be associated with acquired inguinal hernia.
  • Signs: caudal ventral swelling.
  • Diagnosis: history, signs.
  • Treatment: surgery should be delayed until all tissue and wound swelling in the region has subsided, unless severe intra-abdominal problem exists.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Trauma.

Pathophysiology

  • Usually encountered after compressive abdominal trauma and may be associated with acquired (traumatic) inguinal hernia Inguinal hernia.
  • The injury results in tearing of the insertion of the rectus abdominis muscle from its attachment to the prepubic region.
  • Trauma → tearing of the insertion of the rectus abdominis muscle from its attachment to the prepubic region → herniation of abdominal contents.

Timecourse

  • Acute following injury.
  • May not present for days to weeks (rare).

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Smeak D D (1989) Management and prevention of surgical complications associated with small animal abdominal herniorrhaphy. Prob Vet Med 1 (2), 254-267 PubMed.
  • Waldren D R (1986) Abdominal hernias in dogs and cats - a review of 24 cases. JAAHA 22 (6), 817-823 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information

  • Smeak D D (1998)Prepubic hernia repair.In:Current techniques in Small Animal Surgery.4th edn. Ed: Bojrab. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. pp 574-577.


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