Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Poisoning: overview

Contributor(s): Nicola Bates

Introduction

  • Cause: ingestion of, or exposure to, toxic substance.
  • Signs: vary according to toxin ingested but often neurological, gastrointestinal or respiratory.
  • Diagnosis: definitive diagnosis rarely made.
  • Treatment: usually symptomatic, occasionally antidote available.
  • Prognosis: depends on toxin - varies from hopeless to good.
Print off the owner factsheet on Poisoning Poisoning to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • Most cases of poisoning present with a major clinical sign.
  • See specific toxicity for details.
Gastrointestinal signs Renal damage Hepatic damage Respiratory signs Neurological signs

Timecourse

  • Usually acute onset, but occasionally need chronic exposure to toxin for signs to manifest.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Referred papers

Other sources of information

  • Petersen M E, Talcott P A (2012) Small Animal Toxicology. 3rd edn. St Louis, Missouri: Saunders.
  • Poppenga R H, Gwaltney-Brant S (2011) Small Animal Toxicology Essentials. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Osweiler G D, Hoyda L R, Brutlag A G, Lee J A (2010) Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Companion: Small Animal Toxicology. Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell.

Organisation(s)


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