Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Pancreatitis: chronic

Contributor(s): James Simpson, Kenneth Simpson, Julien Bazelle

Introduction

  • Chronic pancreatitis in the dog is not commonly diagnosed antemortem.
  • It may develop as a sequelae to acute pancreatitis Pancreatitis: acute.
  • Cause: usually unresolved acute pancreatitis.
  • Signs: episodic signs of abdominal pain/vomiting or subclinical condition manifest as/resulting in diabetes mellitus or exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.
  • Diagnosis: laboratory tests, ultrasonography, histopathology.
  • Treatment: acute episodes as for acute pancreatitis; dietary modification, pancreatic enzyme supplementation.
  • Prognosis: guarded unless underlying etiology identified and controlled.

    Print off the owner factsheet on Pancreatitis Pancreatitis to give to your client.
    Follow the management tree for vomiting/anorexia Vomiting in suspected pancreatitis vomiting/anorexia in suspected pancreatitis.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Predisposing factors

General

Pathophysiology

Timecourse

  • Months to years.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Bostrom B M, Xenoulis P G, Newman S J, Pool R R, Fosgate G T & Steiner J M (2013) Chronic pancreatitis in dogs: a retrospective study of clinical, clinicopathological, and histopathological findings in 61 cases. Vet J 195 (1), 73-79 PubMed.
  • Watson P J, Roulois A, Scase T, Holloway A & Herrtage M E (2011) Characterisation of chronic pancreatitis in English Cocker Spaniels. JVIM 25 (4), 797-804 PubMed.
  • Watson P J, Archer J, Roulois A J, Scase T J & Herrtage M E (2010) Observational study of 14 cases of chronic pancreatitis in dogs. Vet Rec 167 (25), 968-976 PubMed.
  • Watson P J, Roulois A J, Scase T, Johnston P E, Thompson H & Herrtage M (2007) Prevalence and breed distribution of chronic pancreatitis at post-mortem examination in first-opinion dogs. JSAP 48 (11), 609-618 PubMed.
  • Mansfield C S & Jones B R (2000) Plasma and urinary trypsinogen activation peptide in healthy dogs, dogs with pancreatitis and dogs with other systemic diseases. Aust Vet J 78 (6), 416-422 PubMed.


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