Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Hematuria

Contributor(s): Melissa Wallace

Introduction

  • Presence of blood in the urine.
  • Hematuria is a sign NOT a diagnosis.
  • Cause: urinary tract hemorrhage, manifestation of abnormal hemostasis.
  • Signs: discoloration of urine.
  • Diagnosis: detection of blood on dipstick and presence of red blood cells on cytological examination of urine.
  • Treatment: depends on etiology.
  • Prognosis: depends on etiology.
Follow the diagnostic trees Hematuria in dogs and Evaluating hematuria.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Primary urinary tract hemorrhage

 Genital tract hemorrhage

  • Neoplasia:
  • Inflammatory/infectious:

Abnormalities of hemostasis, ie coagulopathies

Timecourse

  • Days to months before presentation (depending to some extent on severity).

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Batamuzi E K & Kristensen F et al (1994) Idiopathic renal hematuria in the dog. Vet Rec 135 (25), 603 PubMed.
  • Hitt M E & Straw R C et al (1985) Idiopathic hematuria of unilateral renal origin in a dog. JAVMA 187 (12), 1371-1373 PubMed.


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