Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Diarrhea: chronic - due to diet

Introduction

  • Cause: inappropriate diet, may reflect underlying hypersensitivity.
  • Affects dogs of any age.
  • Signs: diarrhea +/- pruritus.
  • Diagnosis:exclude other causes, dietary exclusion trial.
  • Treatment: low fat, highly digestible diet; exclusion diet if hypersensitivity.
  • Prognosis: good if appropriate therapy.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Inability to digest/absorb diet.

Predisposing factors

General
  • High fat, high protein, varied diet.
  • Cow's milk.
  • Proteins in beef and cereals.

Pathophysiology

  • True hypersensitivity reaction.
  • Food intolerance - deficiency of enzymes needed to digest intraluminal contents, eg lactase deficiency; pharmacological, metabolic or toxic reactions.
  • Presence of non-absorbable solutes, eg sorbitol.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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