Canis ISSN: 2398-2942
Determination of neutering status in the bitch and dog
Contributor(s): Autumn P Davidson
- To evaluate the need for neutering when the sterilization status of animal is unknown.
- Also useful in the evaluation of ovarian remnant syndrome Ovarian remnant syndrome and cryptorchidism Testicle: cryptorchidism.
- To reduce undesired and unintentional breeding Mesalliance.
- Physical findings are only reliable when two scrotal testes are found or when obvious signs of estrus are present.
- The amount of vaginal bleeding during proestrus and estrus in a bitch partially ovariohysterectomized is dependent on the amount of uterine tissue left behind, and can be misleadingly scant.
- Behavioral signs can suggest the presence of a gonad in the dog (aggression, urine marking, interest in estrual bitches) and prompt further evaluation.
- Cryptorchidism is inherited and common in many breeds. Monorchism is extremely rare.
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- Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
- Davidson A P & Baker T W (2009) Reproductive ultrasound of the bitch and queen. Top Companion Anim Med 24 (2), 55-63 PubMed.
- Davidson A P & Baker T W (2009) Reproductive ultrasound of the dog and tom. Top Companion Anim Med 24 (2), 64-70 PubMed.