Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Coccidiosis

Contributor(s): Eran Dvir, Peter Irwin

Introduction

  • Causes:Isosporaspp.:I. ohioensis Isospora ohioensis ,I. canis Isospora canis ,I burrowsi Isospora burrowsi ,I. neorivolta Isospora neorivolta ,Hammondiaspp.;Sarcocystisspp. (not usually pathogenic).
  • Most infections are non-pathogenic - opportunist infections occur in young animals.
  • Diagnosis: identification of oocysts in feces.
  • Treatment: sulfonamides.
    Print off the owner factsheets on Coccidiosis to give to your client.

Pathogenesis

Pathophysiology

  • After ingestion, sporulated oocysts excyst in the presence of bile releasing sporozoites.
  • Sporozoites invade intestinal wall.
  • Intestinal epithelial cells are destroyed by both shizogonous and gametogenous phases.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Lindsay D S & Blagburn B L (1991) Coccidial parasites of dogs and cats. Comp. Cont. Ed. 13 (5), 759-765 VetMedResource.

Other sources of information


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