Canis ISSN: 2398-2942 Carpus: osteochondrodysplasia Introduction Pathogenesis Introduction Achondroplastic and hypochondroplastic breeds normally have carpal valgus deviation, external rotation of foot and cranial bowing of antebrachium. May be associated with excessive joint laxity but rarely cause clinical carpal disease. May be associated with elbow joint incongruity which can cause lameness and arthrosis. Pathogenesis Etiology Normal skeletal devlopment of achondroplastic and hypochondroplastic breeds. Pathophysiology Normal skeletal development in achondroplastic and hypochondroplastic breeds may lead to carpal joint laxity and, rarely, clinical carpal disease. Normal joint conformation in achondroplastic and hypochondroplastic breeds may be associated with excessive joint laxity and lead to clinical carpal disease (rarely). Further ReadingPublicationsRefereed papers Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.