Canis ISSN: 2398-2942
Contributor(s): Victoria Lipscomb
- Cause: extremely rare embryological anomaly (one reported case).
- Total failure of differentiation of ventral bladder component of cloaca. The ureters may enter into the urrethra, vagina, rectum or a patent urachus.
- Signs: urine dribbling and scalding from birth.
- Diagnosis: examination, positive contrast intravenous urography and/or retrograde urethrography Radiography: urethrography.
- Treatment: surgical transplantation of ureters to bowel.
- Prognosis: guarded.
- Total failure of differentiation of ventral bladder component of cloaca.