Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Ankyloblepharon

Contributor(s): David L Williams

Introduction

  • Occurs in neonatal period.
  • Signs: failure of the eyelids to open after the normal 10-14 days of life.
  • If untreated may → neonatal conjuntivitis (ophthalmia neonatorumNeonatal ophthalmia.
  • Diagnosis: clinical signs, age.
  • Treatment: careful opening of eyelids, antibiotics if necessary.
  • Prognosis: good if infection treated also.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Neonatal.
  • Failure of the eyelids to open after 10-14 days.

Specific

  • Intrauterine infection may be present - in the cat and in man herpes virus can be involved but this is unclear in dogs.

Pathophysiology

  • Failure of normal opening of the eyelids.

Timecourse

  • Usually presented at 10-21 days of age.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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