Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Anal sacculitis

Contributor(s): Kyle Mathews, James Simpson

Introduction

  • Inflammation of the anal sacs associated with pain and discomfort to the perineal region.
  • Cause: similar to anal gland impaction Anal sac impaction.
  • Signs: tenesmus, redness and swelling over the anal sac region.
  • Diagnosis: palpation and expressing anal sacs. The sacs are expressed with a great deal of pain, and a thin sanguinous and sometimes purulent discharge will be seen.
  • Treatment: weekly expression of anal sacs followed by irrigation with an antiseptic solution and antibiotic instillation. Hot packs can be applied topically by the owner daily for 7-10 days - surgery.
  • Prognosis: may become chronic and require surgical removal.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • van Duijkeren E (1995) Disease conditions of canine anal sacs. JSAP 36 (1), 12-16 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Seim H B (1986) Diseases of the rectum and anus. In:Current Veterinary Therapy XI. W B Saunders, Philadelphia. pp 916-921.


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