Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Airway foreign body

Contributor(s): Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

  • Relatively rare, sudden onset, coughing Trachea: foreign body , associated with severe distress and panic.
  • Cause: usually inhaled object.
  • Signs: coughing, respiratory signs.
  • Diagnosis: radiography, bronchoscopy.
  • Treatment: removal, antibiotics.
  • Prognosis: good if prompt removal.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Anything with a small enough diameter, eg grass seed heads, small twigs, small stones.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Often seen in shooting/hunting dogs which work in dense undergrowth.
  • Exercising/playing/running through heavy undergrowth.

Pathophysiology

  • Inflammatory reaction to lodged foreign body.

Complications

Timecourse

Either Immediate signs.
Or If not removed → soft productive cough after 2-5 days → lasts months.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Simpson A M, Harkin K R & Hoskinson J J (2000) Radiographic diagnosis - nasopharyngeal foreign body in a dog. Vet Rad Ultra 41 (4), 326-328 PubMed.
  • Brownlie S E, Gartrell C L O, Handley P A, Perry R L (1995) Canine nasal disease Part II. Comp Cont Ed 17 (4), 539-547 VetMedResource.
  • Lotti V, Niebauer G W (1992) Tracheobronchial foreign bodies of plant origin in 153 hunting dogs. Comp Cont Ed 14 (7), 900-904 VetMedResource.


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