Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Aggression: redirected

Contributor(s): Karen Overall

Introduction

  • Type of affective aggression.
  • Aggressive behavior shown by a dog in a state of high arousal, the target of the aggression is altered, blocked or removed and the aggression is redirected and continued towards a third party.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Aggression is the end result of a complex interaction of a number of factors, ie predisposition and stimulus.
  • Frustration of behavior → increased arousal and aggression.

Predisposing factors

General
  • Primary confrontation, eg dog fight which is interrupted.
  • Breed type.

Specific

  • Presence of a primary and secondary victim and a confrontation.

Pathophysiology

  • Previous experience.
  • Specific situation.
  • Confrontation → high state of arousal in the dog which continues even after the causal stimulus has been removed or changed, so that the aggressive behavior is redirected to a third party.
  • May lead to learned aggressive behavior towards third party.
  • Redirected aggression → as dog cannot attack focus.

Timecourse

  • Acute.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Landsberg G, Hunthausen W & Ackerman, L (1997)Handbook of behavior problems of the dog and cat.pp 145-146.
  • Overall K L (1997)Clinical behavioral medicine for small animals.pp 104-105, 113, 131-134, 244-245.
  • Askew H (1996)Treatment of behavior problems in dogs and cats.pp 175-176.
  • Borchett P L & Voith V L (1982)Classification of animal behavior problems.Vet Clin North Am Sm Anim Pract12, pp 571-585.

Organisation(s)

  • Association of Pet Behaviour Counsellors, PO Box 46, Worcester WR8 9YS, UK. Tel/Fax: +44 (0)1386 751151; Email: apbc@petbcent.demon.co.uk; Website: http://www.apbc.co.uk.


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