ISSN 2398-2969      

Acute prostatitis

icanis
Contributor(s):

Autumn P Davidson

Synonym(s): Prostatitis

Podcast:


Introduction

  • Acute inflammation of prostate gland.
  • Cause: usually ascending bacterial infection from urinary tract.
  • Signs: pain, lethargy, pyrexia, tenesmus, urethral discharge.
  • Diagnosis: ultrasound/radiography, urinalysis, prostatic fluid analysis.
  • Treatment: 3 week regime of antibiotic therapy specific to culture and sensitivity test results.
  • Prognosis: generally good - may recur, become chronic Prostate disease or form abscesses Prostate: abscessation.
  • NB:Brucella canis Brucella canis has been isolated (rare) from prostatic infections.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Bacteria, eg Escherichia coli Escherichia coli - most common.
  • Fungal - rare.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Bacterial urinary tract infection.
  • Urinary catheterization (high urinary bacterial numbers).
  • Immunodeficiency.

Specific

Pathophysiology

  • Ascending bacterial infection from urinary tract - most common.
  • Ascending infection from gonadal infection - less common.
  • Blood borne.
  • Urinary tract infection/high urinary bacteria numbers -> ascending infection -> prostate gland -> inflammation, pain, tenesmus, pyrexia, urethral discharge (blood, pus).
  • Toxin production may -> acute toxemia/septic shock.

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Treatment

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Prevention

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Outcomes

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Dorfam M, Barsariti J (1995) Diseases of the canine prostate gland. Comp Cont Ed 17 (6), 791-810 VetMedResource.
  • Rubin S I (1990) Localizing bacterial infection to the prostate gland. Vet Med 85 (4), 366-378 VetMedResource.
  • Rubin S I (1990) Managing dogs with bacterial prostatic disease. Vet Med 85 (4), 387-394 VetMedResource.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code