Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Acute prostatitis

Synonym(s): Prostatitis

Contributor(s): Autumn P Davidson

Introduction

  • Acute inflammation of prostate gland.
  • Cause: usually ascending bacterial infection from urinary tract.
  • Signs: pain, lethargy, pyrexia, tenesmus, urethral discharge.
  • Diagnosis: ultrasound/radiography, urinalysis, prostatic fluid analysis.
  • Treatment: 3 week regime of antibiotic therapy specific to culture and sensitivity test results.
  • Prognosis: generally good - may recur, become chronic Prostate disease or form abscesses Prostate: abscessation.
  • NB:Brucella canis Brucella canis has been isolated (rare) from prostatic infections.

Pathogenesis

Etiology

  • Bacteria, eg Escherichia coli Escherichia coli - most common.
  • Fungal - rare.

Predisposing factors

General

  • Bacterial urinary tract infection.
  • Urinary catheterization (high urinary bacterial numbers).
  • Immunodeficiency.

Specific

Pathophysiology

  • Ascending bacterial infection from urinary tract - most common.
  • Ascending infection from gonadal infection - less common.
  • Blood borne.
  • Urinary tract infection/high urinary bacteria numbers -> ascending infection -> prostate gland -> inflammation, pain, tenesmus, pyrexia, urethral discharge (blood, pus).
  • Toxin production may -> acute toxemia/septic shock.

Diagnosis

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Treatment

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Prevention

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Outcomes

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Dorfam M, Barsariti J (1995) Diseases of the canine prostate gland. Comp Cont Ed 17 (6), 791-810 VetMedResource.
  • Rubin S I (1990) Localizing bacterial infection to the prostate gland. Vet Med 85 (4), 366-378 VetMedResource.
  • Rubin S I (1990) Managing dogs with bacterial prostatic disease. Vet Med 85 (4), 387-394 VetMedResource.


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