ISSN 2398-2942      

Helicobacter spp

icanis

Introduction

Classification

Taxonomy

  • Family: Spirillaceae.
  • Genus: Helicobacter.

Active Forms

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Clinical diseases in dogs and cats are unclear compared with man.
  • Has been associated with gastritis in animals; infection is often subclinical.

Zoonosis

  • Helicobacter felis and Helicobacter helimanniif ound in humans and animals.
  • Cross infection between species possible but not proven.
  • Helicobacter pylori has been found in cats.
  • Human-human spread of Helicobacter pylori much more likely.

Transmission

  • Helicobacter spp found in oral cavity and feces.
  • Transmission thought to occur by oral-oral or fecal-oral routes.

Pathological effects

  • Only Helicobacter pylori proven to be pathogenic in humans.
  • Isolated from gastric mucosa and gastric crypts in humans; cause of antral gastritis. May have role in etiology of gastric and duodenal ulcers, atrophic gastritis, adenocarcinoma.
  • Helicobacter pylori now classified as a World Health Organisation class I carcinogen, involved in the etiology of gastric adenocarcinoma formation.
  • Helicobacter-like organisms isolated from stomach of dogs, cats, ferrets and cheetahs. Most infections asymptomatic.
  • Helicobacter felis (cats/dogs), Helicobacter mustelate (ferrets), and Helicobacter acinonyx (cheetahs).
  • Helicobacter canis - isolated from liver of a dog with multifocal hepatitis.

Other Host Effects

  • Signs:
    • Pica.
    • Chronic vomiting (may be intermittent).
    • Belching.
    • May have anorexia.
    • May have diarrhea.
  • Helicobacter helimannii - previously known as Gastrospiridium spp.

Control

Control via chemotherapies

Diagnosis

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Fox J G, Drolet R, Higgins R et al (1996) Helicobacter canis isolated from a dog liver with multifocal necrotizing hepatitis. J Clin Microbiol 34 (10), 2479-2482 PubMed.
  • Tennant B (1996) Scientific information document Helicobacter pylori. JSAP 37 (12), 609-610 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Fox J G (1995) Helicobacter disease in ferrets, dogs and cats. In: Current Veterinary Therapy. Philadelphia: W B Saunders & Co. pp 720.

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code