Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Archaeopsylla erinacei

Synonym(s): Hedgehog flea, A.erinacei

Contributor(s): Sheelagh Lloyd

Introduction

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Clinical Effects

Epidemiology

Habitat

  • Adult A. erinacei on hedgehogs all year round.
  • Breeds, from early spring through summer and autumn, in the nests of hedgehogs and possibly setts, etc of badgers and martins.

Transmission

  • Dogs and cats acquire adult fleas when investigating hedgehog nests in gardens.

Pathological effects

  • Hypersensitivity to its antigens has been demonstrated experimentally but A. erinacei does not normally seem to be involved in flea allergic dermatitis in hypersensitive dogs.
  • Crusts and papules in the sites where it feeds on the head and ears.

Other Host Effects

  • A parasite of hedgehogs and dependant on hedgehog blood and possibly badger, martin blood to breed. Will feed on the dog and cat but will not breed.

Control

Control via animal

  • Treat with insecticide to kill adult fleas.

Control via chemotherapies

  • Drugs not specifically tested for A. erinacei.

Control via environment

  • None - Archaeopsylla erinacei cannot breed in the environment of the dog/cat in the house.
  • Advise on source of fleas and use of adulticide chemical products to kill adult fleas.

Diagnosis

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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