Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Retriever: Labrador

Contributor(s): Keizer R J, Aimee Llewellyn-Zaidi


General information

  • Probably descended from Portuguese Water Dogs Portuguese Water Dog taken to NE America by Portuguese sailors.
  • Actually come from Newfoundland. The name Labrador is derived from the Portuguese for 'labourer', not the place.
  • Taken to southern England by Newfoundland fishermen in the 1800s where the breed was refined as a gundog.
  • Outstanding swimmers.
  • One of the most popular family dogs, kind, gentle and loyal. It fits well with most family situations and has only one vice - food. Obesity is therefore quite common.
  • Classic breed used for guide dog work; modern examples tend to be a first cross with a Golden Retriever.

Biological Data

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Further Reading


Refereed papers

Other sources of information