Canis ISSN: 2398-2942 Pug Introduction Biological Data Introduction General information Ancient breed originated in China with strong connections to the Buddhist religion. Was originally a companion dog to nobility and royalty. Pugnacious as its name suggests, also independent and stubborn yet it is rarely aggressive and is very affectionate with its human family. The short coat needs only occasional grooming. Biological Data This article is available in full to registered subscribers Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login Further ReadingPublicationsRefereed papers Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource. Other sources of information For information on Genetic Testing Providers (labs), genetic tests, and tests by breed, visit International Partnership for Dogs: https://dogwellnet.com/. For a list of DNA tests available for certain breeds worldwide, visit Kennel Club Worldwide DNA tests: https://www.thekennelclub.org.uk/health/for-breeders/dna-testing-simple-inherited-disorders/worldwide-dna-tests/. The Kennel Club Breed-specific requirements and recommendations including health screening: www.thekennelclub.org.uk/media/9846/abs_breed_specific_requirements_and_recommendations_web.pdf. Thomas. The New Pug. Howell. Organisation(s) Visit the Kennel Club website to search for details of KC-registered breed clubs: www.thekennelclub.org.uk/services/public/findaclub/breed/. Pug Dog Club: www.pugdogclub.org.uk. Visit the American Kennel Club website to search for details of AKC-recognized breed clubs: www.akc.org/clubs/search.