Bovis ISSN 2398-2993

Activated charcoal

Synonym(s): Active carbon, Activated carbon, Carbo activatus, Adsorbent charcoal, Decolorizing carbon, Medicinal charcoal

Contributor(s): Louise Cox-O’Shea, Andrea Tarr

Introduction

Name

  • Activated charcoal.
In most countries activated charcoal is not licensed for use in cattle. Check local licensing rules and specific product information before using this product and be mindful of meat and milk withholds.

Class of drug

  • Adsorbent.

Description

Physical properties

  • Powder or pre-made suspension.

Storage requirements

  • Ensure tightly sealed when stored.

Uses

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Indications

  • Toxic oral ingestions:
    • May be of use in animals affected by intoxication with organophosphates, carbamates, chlorinated hydrocarbons, strychnine, ethylene glycol, inorganic and organic arsenical and mercurial compounds, and polycyclic organic compounds (most pesticides).
    • Evidence to support the use of activated charcoal in cattle afflicted with these toxicants is currently lacking.
  • May be of use in minimizing the effects of dermal toxicants which may be ingested following grooming, but evidence to support this use is lacking.
  • Has been suggested as an ancillary treatment for calf diarrhea, but evidence to support this use is lacking.

Administration

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Pharmacokinetics

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Precautions

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Interactions

With other drugs

  • Will reduce the absorption and therefore efficacy of orally administered drugs.

Withdrawal Period

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Adverse Reactions

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Afema J, Moore D A & Sischo W M (2018) Ancillary therapies for calf diarrhea: medical use of activated charcoal. Washington State University Extension & WSU College of Veterinary Medicine. WSUVetMedExtension (pdf download).
  • Snyman L D, Schultz R A, Botha C J, Labuschagne L & Joubert J P (2009) Evaluation of activated charcoal as treatment for Yellow tulp (Moraea pallida) poisoning in cattle. J S Afr Vet Assoc 80 (4), 274-275 PubMed.
  • Pass M A et al (1984) Administration of activated charcoal for the treatment of Lantana poisoning of sheep and cattle. J Applied Toxicol 4 (5), 267-269 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Bishop Y (2004) The Veterinary Formulary. 6th edn. Pharmaceutical Press, UK. pp 190.
  • FDA (online) FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). Available at: www.fda.gov.
  • NOAH (online) Adverse Reactions Reporting Forms. Available at: www.noahcompendium.co.uk.
  • VMD (online) Animal Adverse Reaction Reporting. Available at: www.vmd.defra.gov.uk.
  • VMD (online) Suspected Adverse Reaction Surveillance Scheme (SARSS). Available at: www.vmd.defra.gov.uk.

Organisation(s)


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