ISSN 2398-2993      

Types of feed

obovis
Contributor(s):

Alastair Macrae

Mark Burnell

Royal Dick School Veterinary Studies logo Synergy Farm Health logo


Introduction

  • Feed costs represent the single largest variable cost on all dairy and beef farms. On average, approximately a third of the costs of milk production on a dairy farm are feed costs: UK average around 13 ppl (Macrae and Esslemont 2015).
  • Cows require feedstuffs to provide the nutritional requirements for maintenance, milk production, growth and pregnancy.
  • These nutritional requirements must supply sufficient energy, protein, major minerals and trace elements.
  • A wide variety of raw materials are used for feeding cattle, often depending on cost and suitability for meeting the cows’ requirements.

Classification of feedstuffs

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Cellulosic feedstuffs

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Non-cellulosic feedstuffs

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Use in diets for cattle

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Leroy J L, Sturmey R G, Van Hoeck V, De Bie J et al (2014) Dietary fat supplementation and the consequences for oocyte and embryo quality: hype or significant benefit for dairy cow reproduction? Reprod Domes Anim 49 (3), 353-61 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • Macrae A L & Esslemont R J (2015) The prevalence and cost of important endemic diseases and fertility in dairy herds in the UK. In: Bovine Medicine. 3rd edn. Wiley Blackwell, UK. pp 325-337.
  • Young N E (2002) The Forages and Protein Crops Directory. Context Publications, UK.
  • Ewing W N (1997) The Feeds Directory. Volume 1. Commodity Products Guide. Context Publications, UK.
  • Chamberlain A T & Wilkinson J M (1996) Feeding the Dairy Cow. Chalcombe Publications, UK.
  • KW Alternative Feeds. Website: https://www.kwalternativefeeds.co.uk.
  • GP Feeds. Website: http://www.gpfeeds.co.uk/analysis/index.htm.

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