ISSN 2398-2993      

Endotracheal tubes: overview

obovis
Contributor(s):

Gayle Hallowell

Alex Dugdale

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Indications

  • Endotracheal tube placement is rarely undertaken in most cattle as most surgeries are performed standing, under local anesthesia. It is sometimes undertaken in calves that are undergoing general anesthesia.
    • To maintain a patent airway/protect the airway from foreign material, eg blood, stomach contents.
    • To administer oxygen.
    • To allow safe administration of inhalational anesthetics.
    • To allow intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV).   
  • Tracheal intubation is usually only undertaken orally. Compared with horses cattle have much narrower nasal meati.
  • Tracheostomy Tracheostomy can be performed in an emergency.

Types

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Maintenance

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Orotracheal intubation

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

Other sources of information

  • Valverde A & Sinclair M (2015) Ruminant Anesthesia. In: Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. Blackwell Publishing.
  • Clarke K & Trim C (2014) Apparatus for administration of inhalational anesthetics and Anaesthesia of Cattle. In: Veterinary Anaesthesia. 11th Edn. Elsevier.

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