ISSN 2398-2993      

Cow time budgets: overview

obovis

Synonym(s): Husbandry, Housing, Behavior


Introduction

  • The time budget concept comes from the USA, where dairy cows are housed and husbandry is more consistent than the mixed grazing/housed systems predominant in the UK.

Importance of cow time budgets

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Timings

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Studies on cow time budgets

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Utilising cow time budgets

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Broucek J, Uhrincat M, Mihina S et al (2017) Dairy Cows Produce Less Milk and Modify Their Behaviour during the Transition between Tie-Stall to Free-Stall​. MDPI Animals 7 (3) PubMed.
  • Stone A E, Jones B W, Becker C A, Bewley J M (2017) Influence of breed, milk yield, and temperature-humidity index on dairy cow lying time, neck activity, reticulorumen temperature, and rumination behavior. Journal of Dairy Science 100 (3) pp 2395-2403 PubMed.
  • Arcidiacono C, Porto S M C, Mancino M, Cascone G (2017) Development of a threshold-based classifier for real-time recognition of cow feeding and standing behavioural activities from accelerometer data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture (134), pp 124-134.
  • Abeni F & Galli A (2017) Monitoring cow activity and rumination time for an early detection of heat stress in dairy cow. International Journal of Biometeorology 61 (3), pp 417–425 PubMed.
  • Maselynea J, Pastell M, Thomsen P T, Thorup V M (2017) Daily lying time, motion index and step frequency in dairy cows change throughout lactation. Research in Veterinary Science (110), pp 1-3.
  • Gomez A, Cook N B (2010) Time budgets of lactating dairy cattle in commercial freestall herds. Journal of Dairy Science 93 (12), pp 5772-5781 PubMed.
  • Munksgaarda L, Jensena M B, Pedersena L J, Steffen et al (2005) Quantifying behavioural priorities—effects of time constraints on behaviour of dairy cows, Bos Taurus. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 92 (1–2), pp 3-14.
  • Castle M E & Halley R J (1953) The grazing behaviour of dairy cattle at the national institute for research in dairying. The British Journal of Animal Behaviour (4), pp 139-143.

Other sources of information

  • FAWEC (2016) Lying behaviour and performances in dairy cattle - practical case. [online] Available at: www.fawec.org. Last accessed 6th April 2018.
  • ARLA/Morrisons/Dairy veterinary consultancy (2015) Herd Health Management: A comprehensive guide. [online] pp 22. Last accessed 6th April 2018.
  • Blowey R Cattle (2015) In: Hoofcare and Lameness. 3rd edn. 5M Publishing, pp 118 - 144.
  • Cook N B (2008) Time Budgets for Dairy Cows: How Does Cow Comfort  Influence Health, Reproduction and Productivity? [online] Available at: www.dairyweb.ca/. Last accessed 6th April 2018.

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