ISSN 2398-2993      

Calf respiratory disease: non-infectious factors

obovis

Synonym(s): Pneumonia, enzootic pneumonia, bovine respiratory disease, BRD, housing, vaccination, management


Introduction

  • Bovine respiratory disease (BRD), sometimes referred to as enzootic pneumonia, is a major cause of mortality, lost production, antimicrobial use and compromised animal welfare in cattle globally.
  • It is caused by a variety of endemic pathogens and mixed infections are often seen.
  • A host of risk factors pre-dispose calves to disease and whilst non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment during an outbreak, prevention requires a systematic approach to the management of risk factors and careful consideration of appropriate vaccination strategies.
  • This article focuses on the non-infectious factors that contribute to respiratory disease.
  • The importance of prevention cannot be overstated with respect to animal welfare, profitability and the scrutiny of regulators around the world looking to reduce the use of antibiotics in food producing animals.

Non-infectious factors that contribute to calf respiratory disease

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Other stressful management events

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Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

Other Sources of Information

  • UK Vet [online] Livestock. Testing for failure of passive transfer. Website: www.magonlinelibrary.com. Last accessed 22nd May 2018.

Organisation(s)

  • Edinburgh University, UK.

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