ISSN 2398-2993      

Calf management: birth and beyond

obovis
Contributor(s):

Mike Reynolds

Ash Phipps


Introduction

  • The perinatal period is the most hazardous in the life of all animals, with more than 60% of producers reporting that the majority of their calf mortality occurs at birth.
  • Rapid identification and intervention of calves at risk of perinatal mortality is required to prevent subsequent losses.
  • High risk calves can be identified in the following ways:
    • Before birth, by the predicted likelihood of suffering from dystocia.
    • During birth, by large forelimbs, swollen tongue, cyanosed muzzle and gums.
    • After birth by apnea or dyspnea, lateral recumbency, flaccid musculature and poor pedal and suck reflexes.

Management at birth

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Navel management

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Colostrum management

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Birth management specific to farms with Johne's disease

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Subsequent management

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Animal identification and record keeping (UK)

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to obtain ten tokens to view any ten Vetlexicon articles, images, sounds or videos, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed Papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMedResource.
  • Hulbert L E & Moisa S J (2015) Stress, immunity and the management of calves. J Dairy Sci 99 (4), 3199–3216 PubMed.
  • Lorenz I, Mee J F, Earley B & More S J (2011) Calf health from birth to weaning. I. General aspects of disease prevention. Irish Vet J 64 (1), 1-8 PubMed.
  • Lorenz I, Earley B, Gilmore J, Hogan I, Kennedy E & More S J (2011) Calf health from birth to weaning. III. Housing and management of calf pneumonia. Irish Vet J 64 (1), 1-9 PubMed.
  • Murray C F & Leslie K E (2013) Newborn calf vitality: Risk factors, characteristics, assessment, resulting outcomes and strategies for improvement. Vet J 198 (2), 322-328 PubMed.
  • Nagy D W (2009) Resuscitation and critical care of neonatal calves. Vet Clin Food Anim 25 (1), 1-11 PubMed.
  • Godden S (2008) Colostrum Management for dairy calves. Vet Clin Food Anim 24 (1), 19-39 PubMed.
  • Mee J F (2008) Newborn dairy calf management. Vet Clin Food Anim 24 (1), 1–17 PubMed.
  • Stull C & Reynolds J (2008) Calf welfare. Vet Clin Food Anim 24 (1), 191-203 PubMed.

Other sources of information

  • DEFRA (2107) Guidance on Keeping Cattle, Bison and Buffalo in Great Britain (2017). Website: www.gov.uk. Last accessed 11th May 2017.
  • Constable P (2012) How to Prevent Calf Deaths after Correction of Dystocia - Beef and Dairy. In: Proc Australian Cattle Veterinarians Conferenc. pp 99-102.
  • Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture (RUMA) Colostrum Is Gold. Website: colostrumisgold.org.

Related Images

RELATED FACTSHEETS

Colostrum

Can’t find what you’re looking for?

We have an ever growing content library on Vetlexicon so if you ever find we haven't covered something that you need please fill in the form below and let us know!

 
 
 
 

To show you are not a Bot please can you enter the number showing adjacent to this field

 Security code