Latest Additions to Exotis


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Periodontal disease

In ferrets, this condition starts with calculus build up on the tooth surface. Gingivitis progresses and the inflammation/infection extends into the sulcus, then deepens into the periodontal tissues. If the ligament is compromised, the tooth will become loose.

Written by Cathy Johnson-Delaney DVM
Reviewed by David Perpiñán DVM MSc PhD DipECZM(Herpetology) MRCVS

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Herpes virus infection

Many herpesviruses have co-evolved with the reptile host. Reptilian herpesviruses belong to the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae. They are large enveloped, double-stranded DNA viruses ranging in size from 120-200 nm. They can cause latent infections. Development of clinical disease will depend on both viral and host factors.

Written by Sarah Pellett BSc(Hons) MA VetMB CertAVP(ZooMed) DZooMed(Reptilian) MRCVS
Reviewed by Yvette Rowntree BVSc CertAVP(ZooMed) MRCVS

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Pregnancy toxemia

Several factors can predispose or lead to pregnancy toxemia in guinea pigs. One main factor is compression of arteries irrigating the uterus, producing uterine ischemia and metabolic changes in fetuses and dam. This leads to hypertension and the need of emergency caesarean section. The other main factor is that gastric compression during pregnancy produces anorexia, and the high metabolic needs of the dam and fetuses cannot be met. This leads to fatty liver (hepatic lipidosis), particularly in obese animals, and other metabolic changes.

Written by Cathy Johnson-Delaney DVM
Reviewed by David Perpiñán DVM MSc PhD DipECZM(Herpetology) MRCVS

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