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External coaptation

External coaptation is commonly performed in reptiles, but full investigations need to be performed to determine fracture etiology. Immobilization of the limb can be used to repair simple fractures with minimal displacement. It allows for stabilization of fractures before and after surgical repair. It can also be used to treat luxation and subluxation.

Written by Agata Witkowska BVM BVS MRCVS
Reviewed by David Perpiñán DVM MSc PhD DipECZM(Herpetology) MRCVS

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We have all faced the prospect of animal euthanasia and the decision process for the owners, whether it’s due to ongoing illness, poor quality of life, or emergency situations, it is down to the veterinary team to always undertake a caring and sympathetic manner and make the whole process as smooth and uneventful as possible. As with all species, when considering euthanasia in guinea pigs, the whole procedure should be fully explained to the owner. Written consent must then be gained from the owner / responsible person (if the owner is away) before the procedure starts.

Written by Donna Brown CertVNES RVN
Reviewed by Jemma Hildrew BVSc GPcert(ExAP) CertAVP(ZM) MRCVS

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Nutrition overview

The domestic ferret is a strict carnivore, requiring high protein and fat levels in the diet. The ferret’s anatomy and physiology are adapted to its carnivorous diet. There are a number of commercial ferret diets which adequately meet the ferret’s nutritional needs. A whole prey diet or a balanced fresh or freeze-dried carnivore diet may be most appropriate and such diets are currently fed in many areas of the world with great success.

Written by Cathy Johnson-Delaney BS DVM DipABVP(Avian) DipABVP(Exotic Companion Mammal)
Reviewed by David Perpiñán DVM MSc PhD DipECZM(Herpetology) MRCVS

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