Felis ISSN 2398-2950

Benzalkonium chloride

Contributor(s): Rosanna Marsella, Vetstream Ltd

Introduction

Name

  • Benzalkonium chloride.

Class of drug

  • Dermatological cleansing agent.

Description

Chemical name

  • Mixture of alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chlorides.

Physical properties

  • White or yellow/white amorphous powder or gelatinous substance.
  • Aromatic odor.
  • Very bitter taste.
  • Very water soluble.

Uses

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Indications

  • Skin disinfection preoperatively.
  • Skin disinfection of wounds or burns.
  • Control of bacterial dermatitis.

Administration

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Precautions

This article is available in full to registered subscribers

Sign up now to purchase a 30 day trial, or Login

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers

  • Recent references from PubMed and VetMed Resource.
  • Maillard J Y, Messager S & Veillon R (1998) Antimicrobial efficacy of biocides tested on skin using an ex-vivo test. J Hosp Infect 40(4), 313-323.
  • Fox J G, Beaucage C M, Folta C A & Thornton G W (1981) Nosocomial transmission of Serratia marcescens in a veterinary hospital due to contamination by benzalkonium chloride. J Clin Microbiol 14(2), 157-160.

Other sources of information

  • Tennant B (1999) Small Animal Formulary. 3rd edn. British Small Animal Veterinary Association. ISBN: 0 9052 1452 8.

ADDED