Canis ISSN: 2398-2942

Thoracocentesis

Synonym(s): Thoracic drainage

Contributor(s): Jill Sammarco

Introduction

  • The pleural cavity is a potential space in the normal animal.
  • Accumulation of fluid or air in pleural space → pressure on lungs and dyspnea.

Uses

Advantages

  • Simple.
  • Can be done in unsedated, standing patient.
  • Rapid relief of dyspnea in patients with pleural effusion.

Disadvantages

  • Provides only temporary relief if effusion or leakage of air continues.
  • Can be stressful procedure for dyspneic patient.

Requirements

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Preparation

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Procedure

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Aftercare

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Outcomes

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Prognosis

  • Persistant effusion or pneumothorax may necessitate repeated thoracocentesis or chest tube placement.

Further Reading

Publications

Refereed papers


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